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36 CẤU TRÚC VÀ CỤM TỪ THÔNG DỤNG TRONG TIẾNG ANH PHỔ THÔNG

36 cấu trúc và cụm từ thông dụng trong Tiếng Anh phổ thông
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1. S + V+ too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something (quá….để cho ai làm gì…)

E.g.1 This structure is too easy for you to remember.

E.g.2: He ran too fast for me to follow.

2. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that +S + V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

E.g.1: This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.

E.g.2: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

3. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

E.g.1: It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.

E.g.2: It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.

4. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something. (Đủ… cho ai đó làm gì…)

E.g.1: She is old enough to get married.

E.g.2: They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.

5. Have/ get + something + done (VpII) (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì…)

E.g.1: I had my hair cut yesterday.

E.g.2: I’d like to have my shoes repaired.

6. It + is + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2-động từ chia ở thì quá khứ) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something (đã đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì…)

E.g.1: It is time you had a shower.

E.g.2: It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.

7. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something (làm gì… mất bao nhiêu thời gian…)

E.g.1: It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.

E.g.2: It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.

8. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing (ngăn cản ai/cái gì… không làm gì..)

E.g.1:

9. S + find+ it+ adj to do something (thấy … để làm gì…)

E.g.1: I find it very difficult to learn about English.

E.g.2: They found it easy to overcome that problem.
10. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing. (Thích cái gì/làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì)

e.g.1: I prefer dog to cat.

E.g.2: I prefer reading books to watching TV.

11. Would rather + V¬ (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive) (thích làm gì hơn làm gì)

e.g.1: She would play games than read books.

E.g.2: I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.

12. To be/get Used to + V-ing (quen làm gì)

e.g.1: I am used to eating with chopsticks.

13. Used to + V (infinitive) (Thường làm gì trong qk và bây giờ không làm nữa)

e.g.1: I used to go fishing with my friend when I was young.

E.g.2: She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

14. to be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing: ngạc nhiên về….
15. to be angry at + N/V-ing: tức giận về
16. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing: giỏi về…/ kém về…
17. by chance = by accident (adv): tình cờ
18. to be/get tired of + N/V-ing: mệt mỏi về…
19. can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing: không nhịn được làm gì…
20. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing : thích làm gì đó…
21. to be interested in + N/V-ing: quan tâm đến…
22. to waste + time/ money + V-ing: tốn tiền hoặc tg làm gì
23. To spend + amount of time/ money + V-ing: dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì..
24. To spend + amount of time/ money + on + something: dành thời gian vào việc gì…

e.g.1: I spend 2 hours reading books a day.

E.g.2: She spent all of her money on clothes.
25. to give up + V-ing/ N: từ bỏ làm gì/ cái gì…
26. would like/ want/wish + to do something: thích làm gì…
27. have + (something) to + Verb: có cái gì đó để làm
28. It + be + something/ someone + that/ who: chính…mà…
29. Had better + V(infinitive): nên làm gì….
30. hate/ like/ dislike/ enjoy/ avoid/ finish/ mind/ postpone/ practise/ consider/ delay/ deny/ suggest/ risk/ keep/ imagine/ fancy + V-ing

e.g.1: I always practise speaking English everyday.

31. It’s + adj + to + V-infinitive: quá gì ..để làm gì
32. Take place = happen = occur: xảy ra
33. to be excited about: thích thú
34. to be bored with/ fed up with: chán cái gì/làm gì
35. There is + N-số ít, there are + N-số nhiều: có cái gì…
36. feel like + V-ing: cảm thấy thích làm gì…

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